Climate Change in Sindh Pakistan and Its Impact
One of the biggest risks to humanity today is climate change. Sindh, Pakistan, has a typical climate. With a total size of 140,915 km2, Sindh is the second-largest province in Pakistan and is situated in the southern part of the country. It has a population of about 40 million people, and agriculture is the mainstay of its economy.
Sindh has recently been impacted by extreme weather conditions as flooding, droughts, and heat waves. The average temperature in Sindh has risen by 1.2°C over the past 50 years, according to a research by the Pakistan Meteorological Department, with the highest temperature ever recorded hitting 50°C. The frequency of extreme weather phenomena, such as floods and heat waves, has increased as a result.
More than three million people were displaced as a result of the floods that ravaged Sindh in 2010. In addition, the floods destroyed nearly two million hectares of crops, which led to food shortages and economic misery for many province residents.
A decline in water availability is a consequence of climate change, which is also causing extreme weather events and altered precipitation patterns. As a result, the province’s groundwater table has been dropping, which has caused water scarcity in several areas. Due to a lack of water, farmers are unable to irrigate their crops, which is hurting the economy.
The people of Sindh are experiencing additional repercussions of climate change. Health concerns are increasing due to the rise in temperature, including an increase in the spread of vector-borne diseases. Also, the decrease in rainfall is causing a rise in malnutrition and diseases associated with the water supply.
The government of Sindh has put in place a variety of steps to counteract the effects of climate change. The creation of a Climate Change Authority, the release of a Climate Change Action Plan, and the creation of a Climate Change Resilience Strategy are a few of them. As part of its efforts to assist farmers in adapting to the changing climate, the government has also launched a number of initiatives, including the construction of water harvesting devices and the promotion of water-efficient farming practices.
In Sindh, climate change is a fact, and it is having a negative influence on the population and economy of the region. If the issue is not controlled, it can bring about more economic hardship and social unrest in the area. As a result, it is crucial that the government of Sindh keep taking steps to lessen the effects of climate change and to ensure the resilience of its population and environment.